All That You Need to Know About Breech Births

Breech Births

Have you been told that your baby is in a breech presentation anytime during the latter part of your pregnancy? Do you know what it means?

In the last few weeks of pregnancy, most babies will move into a final position in preparation for birth, ideally with the head moving closer to the birth canal (Cephalic presentation). But sometimes, the baby’s buttocks and/or feet will be positioned closer to the birth canal. This is referred to as Breech presentation.

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Myths Or Facts? Common Perceptions Of Breastfeeding And The Truth

Myths Or Facts - Breastfeeding

When it comes to breastfeeding, your well-meaning friends and family members always have an advice to give. The ‘wisdom’ they impart is not necessarily always the truth. Some of these are just myths that have been around for a long time.

To make life simpler for you, we’ve compiled a list of 9 common myths and the truths surrounding breastfeeding.

#1 You must drink milk to make milk

This one’s a common myth but holds no truth. Whether you drink milk or not has nothing to do with your breast milk supply. Drinking milk is important for you to have a nutritious balanced diet. Your body takes the essential nutrients from your body and adds it to your breast milk. This helps your baby receive all the necessary nutrition from your milk.

It is also important that you realize that if you’re undernourished, your body will still take all the nutrients important for your baby and include them in your breast milk. This will make you further undernourished.  more “Myths Or Facts? Common Perceptions Of Breastfeeding And The Truth”

Colostrum: Everything You Need To Know!!!

Colostrum: Beestings or first milk - Fernandez Hospital

Colostrum (also known as beestings or first milk) is a form of milk produced by the mammary glands in late pregnancy and few days after giving birth.

It is a thick, sticky substance, which can range in color from clear to dark yellow.

Most of the mothers might start to produce this colostrum in the last trimester.

It often referred to as ‘liquid gold’. Why you may ask? Read along and you’ll be stunned by the benefits it has for your bundle of joy.  more “Colostrum: Everything You Need To Know!!!”

Breast Changes During Pregnancy

Breast changes during pregnancy

Welcome aboard the wonderful journey of motherhood. As you conceive, your body starts preparing itself for several changes facilitating the baby’s arrival. So, it’s not just your womb that’s busy, but your breasts too undergo some radical changes. Hence, it’s extremely important that you know what to expect through your journey to be prepared physically and mentally to embrace the changes.

Hormonal surges result in the changes in the breast size and structure. Sometimes, it’s the first sign that you are pregnant.

Every woman is different and unique. So, the changes in the size and structure can vary from person to person. But if you’re wondering how much the breasts grow during pregnancy, note that by the time your milk comes in, they’re likely to be almost one-and-half times bigger than before you!  more “Breast Changes During Pregnancy”

Preeclampsia: Not What You Expect When You’re Expecting

Preeclampsia - Fernandez Hospital

For mums-to-be, the unexpected in moments changes the course of otherwise normal pregnancies. Preeclampsia is one such unexpected condition. It is a type of high blood pressure women get after the 20th week of pregnancy or after giving birth. It affects both you and your unborn baby. At least 5-8% of all the pregnancies are affected and it progresses rapidly.

What is preeclampsia?

Preeclampsia is a multisystem disorder of unknown causes. It is characterized by the development of hypertension to the extent of 140/90 mmHg or more with the presence of protein in the urine after the 20th week of pregnancy in a woman with no previous history of the same.  more “Preeclampsia: Not What You Expect When You’re Expecting”

Role of a Midwife in Mothers Opting for a VBAC

Ever heard about a midwife? Did you get to choose your midwife during your pregnancy? You might think that a midwife is ‘just a nurse who assists the doctor when you are having a baby’, but you would be wrong!

The Mindful Midwife…

She is a nursing professional who has undergone advanced further training, usually for a period of 2 years. She is able to care for the mothers during pregnancy, labour and the postpartum period. She supports the mother-to-be during her birthing process and provides invaluable care that a mother and baby needs.

At Fernandez Hospital, we provide the right information and necessary support to encourage natural birthing. We have a team of skilled professional midwives who will support you and be your advocate during your pregnancy. Every mother needs a companion during her pregnancy. This is where your midwife can help.

There is a high percentage of C-section in India. If you’re expecting a baby after your previous cesarean and wish for a natural childbirth process, don’t worry! It is possible to opt for Vaginal Birth After Caesarean (VBAC) this time. Your midwife will be able to support you, discuss your previous birth and help you feel confident to approach a VBAC this time.  more “Role of a Midwife in Mothers Opting for a VBAC”

Placenta Praevia: A Difficult Road to a Beautiful Destination


The placenta is your baby’s main support system. It provides nourishment to your baby through the umbilical cord. It also filters the nutrients, oxygen, and waste your baby receives. For most women, the placenta attaches itself to the side of the womb but for some it attaches lower down and could cover a part or all of the cervix.

It is first seen in early ultrasound scans, during this time it is called a low lying placenta. In most cases, the placenta moves upwards as your baby grows. The placenta for some women, however, remains in the lower part of the uterus even after 20 weeks. This is condition is known as placenta praevia. It is observed in 1 of 200 pregnancies.


Why does Placenta Praevia happen?

Your placenta grows wherever the embryo has implanted itself in your uterus. If the embryo attaches itself to the lower part of your uterus, the placenta may grow in the lower part of your uterine wall or even over your cervix.

Initial placenta praevia usually resolves itself, that is if your placenta doesn’t completely cover your cervix. The situation gets complicated if the placenta is covering your cervix at any point in time. more “Placenta Praevia: A Difficult Road to a Beautiful Destination”

Fetal Cardiac Scan

Fetal Cardiac Scan


Have you been asked to take a fetal cardiac scan? Don’t panic; it’s a simple and painless procedure that won’t take up much of your time.

A fetal cardiac scan is a detailed ultrasound of your baby’s heart before your baby is born. It gives your doctor the chance to completely evaluate your baby’s heart. This is not quite possible during your regular obstetric ultrasound.

It is usually done in your second trimester, between weeks 20–24. A fetal cardiac scan looks for heart defects, the most common abnormality your baby can be born with.  It checks the flow of blood in your baby’s arteries and veins and detects other abnormalities such as:

  • Narrowing of the arteries
  • Holes in your baby’s heart
  • Valves that don’t open and close properly

This test uses waves of sound that ‘echo’ off your baby’s heart. The echo machine then analyzes these waves and creates a picture of your baby’s heart. These pictures help your doctor carefully analyze your baby’s blood flow and heartbeat.

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Vaginal Birth After C-Section (VBAC)

Vaginal Birth After Cesarean (VBAC) - Fernandez Hospital

She believed she could. So, she did.

Many women believe that the only way to have their child after undergoing a Caesarean section is another Caesarean section. This is not true in all cases. Studies show that about 60 to 80% of women who attempted a trial labour after Caesarean section (TOLAC) had successful normal deliveries. VBAC or Vaginal Birth after Caesarean is a formidable mode of birthing for women with uncomplicated pregnancies.

What is VBAC?

VBAC is a term used for having a normal vaginal birth after having undergone a Caesarean section previously. It is an achievable task and depends on several factors.

Most women fear for the safety of themselves and their babies. VBAC is a safe means of birthing in the absence of underlying complications. All you need is an optimal environment with the right guidance and support.

Undergoing a C-section can be a pretty traumatizing experience for some women as it paralyzes them into a singular position and their choices and wishes aren’t well respected.

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Birthing, Naturally: Going Mother Nature’s Way

Natural Birthing - Fernandez Hospital


“The whole point of natural birth is the knowledge that the woman is the birth power source.

She may need help, but in essence, she always had, currently has and will always have that power.”

                                                                                                                      – Heather McCue

India’s caesarean section rates are on a rise. There are 6.6 million children born via C-section annually and the numbers have increased from 8.5% in 2005-06 to 17.2% in 2015-16. 80% of women in India have uncomplicated pregnancies and would have normal births if supported to do so, 20% with medical complications would require obstetric interventions. There is growing evidence highlighting that children born via C-section have a greater risk of asthma, allergies, autism and collagen disorders. Medical interventions, while extremely important in complicated high-risk pregnancies, should be totally avoided in case of uncomplicated pregnancies. Childbirth is a normal physiological event. Having a professional midwife has been well researched to increase the chances of achieving a normal birth, reducing unnecessary interventions and enhancing a positive birth experience. more “Birthing, Naturally: Going Mother Nature’s Way”