One of the most common complications during pregnancy is diabetes. The diabetes which occurs during pregnancy is known as gestational diabetes. It happens to pregnant women when their body does not produce the required quantity of hormone called insulin. However, every pregnant woman doesn’t suffer from gestational diabetes.
Reasons for gestational diabetes:
When a woman gets pregnant, the sugar level in the body automatically goes up. So, the body requires extra insulin during pregnancy. And if the extra insulin is not produced by the pancreas to reduce the level of sugar build-up in your blood, gestational diabetes may develop. Having a high sugar level during pregnancy is not only harmful to you but also to your baby.
Symptoms of gestational diabetes:
Though there are no proper symptoms for gestational diabetes, those who suffer may experience the following. However, some of these occur in normal pregnancy, so it is very difficult to differentiate if you are suffering from gestational diabetes.
- Extreme fatigue
- Feeling thirsty
- Frequent urination
- Sudden weight loss
- Feeling constantly hungry
- Snoring more than usual
Complications of gestational diabetes:
If gestational diabetes is left untreated, the following complications may occur.
- Health risk to the baby
- Baby grows much bigger than normal size making delivery complicated
- Breathing difficulty for the baby
- Jaundice may occur in the baby
- Low blood sugar or hypoglycaemia may occur in the baby later
How to prevent gestational diabetes?
In order to prevent gestational diabetes, the following may be helpful for the pregnant women.
- Eating a healthy diet
- Staying active by doing light work, walking or exercising
- Maintaining a weight essential for normal pregnancy
As part of the regular check-up during pregnancy, doctors do a urine test every time to check the sugar level in your blood. If the level is high then they will do a glucose tolerance test which will confirm if you are suffering from gestational diabetes or not.
The risk associated with diabetes during pregnancy can be treated by controlling the blood sugar level. If you are diagnosed with gestational diabetes, doctors normally recommend the following :
- Monitoring the level of sugar various times a day
- Doing urine test frequently
- Making a healthy food plan as per your doctor’s advice
- Moving around, especially after taking meals
- Doing exercises