Acne during pregnancy is quite common and nothing to worry about. Though it is not a special form of acne, some pregnant women do have trouble with it. Usually, it occurs during the first trimester and disappears within the third trimester. If you do not have acne during the first trimester, the chance of its occurrence during the second and third trimester is low.
What is Acne?
It is an outburst from the skin which occurs when oily secretions from the sebaceous glands and the dead cells of the skin clog the pores. If the opening of pores is large, the clog takes the form of a blackhead and if the opening is small, it takes the form of whitehead. These clogs then take the form of pimples, inflammations or deeper lumps.
Causes of Acne During Pregnancy
An acne outbreak during pregnancy can occur due to the following factors:
- Increased hormonal level
An increase in hormonal level during the first trimester is said to be the primary reason for pregnancy acne. The oil production in the skin is triggered by androgen which clogs the skin pores promoting bacterial growth.
- Immunological factor
Weak immunity attracts bacteria which affects your skin causing acne.
- Acne history
If you have a history of acne, an outburst of acne is likely to occur during pregnancy.
- Oily make-ups
Using oil-based greasy make-up increases the risk of acne breakouts during pregnancy.
Measures to Deal With Acne During Pregnancy
During pregnancy, it is necessary to take care of your skin along with caring for your baby in the womb. If you are experiencing acne breakouts, here is what you can do:
- Keep your skin clean
To keep pores clean, wash your face with a soap-free mild cleanser in the morning and before going to bed. After washing your face, pat dry gently. Make sure not to over wash and avoid using hot water as it can make your skin lose its natural moisture. As greasy and oily hair can lead to acne outbreak, keep your hair and scalp clean using a good shampoo. Change your pillows often and use clean towels.
- Do not poke
As your skin becomes sensitive during pregnancy, even the slightest rubbing while washing your face can worsen the condition and even cause infection. Avoid scrubbing and pricking the pimples as this can also lead to permanent spots on your face.
Moisturise your skin
Make sure to use oil-free moisturisers if you have acne. Using water-based products will keep your skin hydrated and maintain its pH balance.
- Avoid irritants
Avoid using greasy make-up products, sunscreen, acne concealer or hair styling products.
- Avoid touching your face
Avoid resting your hands on the face or touching your face.
If you are concerned about acne, you can consult your doctor who will provide you the necessary treatment, based on the severity of the condition.